Signed-off-by: David Oberhollenzer <firstname.lastname@example.org>
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|README.md||5 years ago|
|autogen.sh||5 years ago|
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This package contains a tiny syslogd implementation called
accompanying utilities, such as a tiny
klogd that forwards kernel message
to syslog and a utility program called
syslog that can be used to generate
syslog message from the command line or shell scripts.
The syslog daemon opens a socket in
/dev/log, processes syslog messages and
forwards the parsed message to a modular backend interface.
Currently, there is only one implementation of the backend interface that dumps
the log messages into files in the processes working directory (by default
A simple log rotation scheme has been implemented.
The source code in this package is provided under the OpenBSD flavored ISC license. So you can practically do as you wish, as long as you retain the original copyright notice.
The programs in this package have been written for and tested on a GNU/Linux system, so their may be some GNU-isms in there in addition to Linux specific code.
usyslogd implementation has not been written to any specifications but
instead to work with the messages generated by Musl libc. It may not properly
parse the formats generated by other libc implementations or by programs that
roll their own.
klogd daemon is Linux specific but independent of the syslog
implementation and could in theory be used with other syslog daemons.
syslog utility program only uses functionality form the standard C
library and should in theory work on any modern GNU/Linux or BSD system.
The facility IDs may need to be adjusted (it uses the ones from
Building and installing
This package uses autotools. If you downloaded a distribution tar ball, simply
configure script and then
make after the Makefile has been
When working with the git tree, run the
autogen.sh script to generate the
configure script and friends.
The syslog implementation
By default, the daemon switches its working directory to
directory is created if it doesn't exist and the daemon always tries to
change its mode to one that doesn't allow other users (except group members)
to access the directory.
If told to so on the command line, the daemon chroots to the log directory.
By default, the daemon then tries to drop privileges by switching to user and
syslogd if they exist (any other user or group can be specified
on the command line; doing so causes syslogd to fail if they don't exist).
On a system that hosts accounts for multiple users that may be more or less trusted, one may consider only giving system services access to the syslog socket and not allowing regular users. Otherwise, a user may flood the syslog daemon with messages, possibly leading to resource starvation, or (in the case of size limited log rotation outlined below) to the loss of otherwise critical log messages. Since this is not the primary target of the Pygos system that this package has been written for, such a mechanism is not yet implemented.
In case of a system where only daemons are running, the above mentioned security measure is useless. If a remote attacker manages to get regular user privileges, you already have a different, much greater problem. Also, a remote attacker would have to compromise a local daemon that already has special access to the syslog socket, which is again your least concern in this scenario.
The backend can be configured to do log rotation in a continuous fashion (i.e. in a way that log messages aren't lost), or in a way where it drops old messages. Furthermore, the backend can be configured to automatically do a log rotation if a certain size threshold is hit.
usyslogd receives a
SIGHUP, it tells the backend to do log rotation.
In the case of the size threshold, the backend is expected to do the rotation on its own if the predetermined limit is hit.
File Based Backend
The file based backend writes log messages to files in the current working
directory (by default
/var/log), named either after the ident string (if
specified) or the facility name.
Log messages are prefixed with an ISO 8601 time stamp, optionally the facility name (unless part of the file name), the log level and the senders PID. Each of those fields is enclosed in brackets.
Log rotation in a continuous fashion means renaming the existing log file to
one suffixed with the current time stamp. Overwriting old messages renaming
the log file by appending a constant
Possible Future Directions
In the near term future, the daemon probably requires more fine grained control over logging such as setting a minimum log level or a way to configure limits per facility or service.
Future directions may include adding other backends, such as forwarding the log messages to a central server, for instance using syslog over UDP/TCP or using the front end of some time series database.